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2019: Volume 11, Issue 2

The Global Media Journal — Canadian Edition (http://www.gmj.uottawa.ca/)

 

“Données massives, médiation algorithmique et savoirs à l’ère du numérique”

“Big Data, Algorithmic Mediation and Knowledge in the Digital Era”

Guest Editors / Éditrices invitées

Émilie Dionne, McGill University et Julie Paquette, Saint Paul University

L’incommensurable des données massives ne produit de sens que s’il est opérationnalisé, transformé, filtré, médiatisé, par des algorithmes. C’est dire que les données massives confrontent l’humain à une échelle de même qu’à une vélocité qui n’est pas la sienne. La médiation algorithmique apparaît alors comme un processus d’externalisation nécessaire en tant que tâche impossible à réaliser à hauteur d’humain.

Les données massives, on le comprendra, sont de l’ordre de « l’hyper-objet », soit un objet de taille, d’échelle et de complexité, trop grande pour que l’humain puisse le concevoir, le saisir, et lui répondre. Conséquence qui ne devrait donc pas surprendre: le recours aux algorithmes — et plus encore, à l’intelligence artificielle générant de manière autonome et unique des algorithmes — est elle-même de l’ordre de l’hyper-objet. La médiation par l’entremise de laquelle les sociétés humaines peuvent à la fois faire valeur et appréhender tout le potentiel rêvé des données massives engagerait donc ces dernières à vivre à une échelle qui n’est pas la leur.

Pour le savoir, on se demandera alors quels types de savoir (mais aussi quelles épistémologies) deviennent possibles tout comme quels types se trouvent rendus impossibles ou difficilement actualisables (savoir non quantifiable, non-traditionnel) ? Quelles injustices épistémiques sont susceptibles de se déployer aux marges?

Autrement dit, en laissant la trajectoire de la médiation algorithmique se « performer », le savoir lui-même en viendrait-il à s’évader de son contact humain? Et quelles seraient les considérations éthiques d’un tel déplacement?

Dans ce numéro, les questions que nous posons sont les suivantes (la liste n’est pas exhaustive) : Quels sont les effets et les possibles (et impossibles) de ce processus sur la production et la transmission de connaissances, et sur l’idée même de l’épistémologie comme de l’ontologie de la connaissance ? En quoi cette médiation transforme non pas uniquement les possibilités du savoir [de savoir?] que le savoir en soi, et ce, peu importe ses formes (ex. académique, médiatique, traditionnel, non-traditionnel, expérientiel, corporel). Qu’est-ce qui s’actualise, qu’est-ce qui se virtualise ?

Pour ce faire, nous sollicitons des contributions tant théoriques, pratiques, qu’empiriques de disciplines variées (p.ex.: éthique, sociologie, anthropologie, neuroscience, communication, science politique, philosophie, études urbaines, innovation sociale, approches féministes, de genre, postcoloniales, autochtones, anti-raciales, des incapacités, recherches appliquées).

Les propositions d’articles scientifiques (300-500 mots, ainsi qu’une bibliographie partielle et une notice biographique) devront être soumises avant le 28 juin. Les articles (5000-7500 mots) doivent être soumis avant le 30 septembre.

La revue Global Media Research accueille aussi des recensions d’ouvrages sur la thématique proposée : recension de plus d’un ouvrage (2,500 à 3,000 mots), et recensions d’ouvrage (1,000 à 1,200 mots). Une proposition à cet effet peut être soumise avant le 28 juin.

Date limite pour les propositions : 28 juin 2019

Décision : 5 juillet 2019

Date limite pour les articles complets : 30 septembre 2019

Soumission : Tous les manuscrits doivent être soumis par voie électronique avec pièces jointes au format Word, directement à Émilie Dionne emilie.dionne@mail.mcgill.ca et Julie Paquette jupaquette@ustpaul.ca

Directives : Disponibles à : http://www.gmj-canadianedition.ca/for-author

Publication : Décembre 2019

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The immeasurability of “big data” only produces meaning if it is operationalized, transformed, filtered, and mediated by algorithms. Big data confronts humans to a scale and a velocity that is not theirs. Algorithmic mediation consequently appears as a necessary externalization process to respond to a task impossible to achieve at a human level.

Of big data, one can say that we are faced with an “hyper-object”, i.e. an object of size, scale and complexity too large for the human to conceive, to grasp, and to respond to. As a consequent that should not surprise, the use of algorithms – even, of artificial intelligence tasked with generating autonomously unique algorithms – becomes itself of the order of the hyper-object, almost beyond grasp-ability. Mediation, as the sole recourse through which human societies can both value and capture big data, engage them necessarily to live and thrive on a scale that is not theirs.

What becomes of knowledge in the face of such irrevocable magnitude and mediation? Who knows, too, in these pictures, humans, or IA? One even can but only come to wonder which types of knowledge (and also — which epistemologies) become possible (and impossible) (e.g. non-quantifiable, non-traditional knowledge)? What would be the epistemic injustices likely to emerge at the margins?

In other words, is it the case that, in letting the trajectory of algorithmic mediation “perform”, happen, knowledge itself comes to escape human contact? What would be some of the ethical considerations needed in light of such displacement?

For this special issue, we invite contributors to reflect on the following questions (note that the list is not exhaustive): What are the effects as well as possibilities (and impossibilities) that follow from the process of producing and transmitting knowledge in a digitally mediated world, and on inasmuch the epistemology as the ontology of knowledge? In what way does mediation transform not only the possibilities (and impossibilities) of knowledge? Of knowing? What becomes of knowledge, that is, its possible and impossible forms (e.g. academic, media, traditional, non-traditional, experiential, corporal)? What is actualizing, and virtualizing?

We solicit contributions that are both theoretical, practical, and empirical in various disciplines (e.g. ethics, sociology, anthropology, neuroscience, communication, political science, philosophy, urban studies, social innovation, feminist, gender, postcolonial, indigenous, anti- racial, disabilities, applied research) and that engages multiple disciplines.

Proposals are to be 300-500 words, and to include a partial bibliography and a biographical note. They must be submitted before June 28th. Full articles (5000-7500 words) are expected by September 30th.

The Journal also welcomes review articles: more than one book (2,500 to 3,000 words), and book reviews (1,000 to 1,200 words).

The Global Media Journal — Canadian Edition (http://www.gmj.uottawa.ca/) welcomes high-quality, original submissions on related topics to the above theme. The Journal is a bilingual (English and French) open-access online academic refereed publication.

Deadline for proposition: June 28th, 2019

Decision: July 5th, 2019

Deadline for article: September 30th, 2019

Submissions: Papers (5,000 to 7,500 words)

Method: All manuscripts must be submitted electronically as Word Document attachments, directly to Émilie Dionne emilie.dionne@mail.mcgill.ca and Julie Paquette jupaquette@ustpaul.ca

Guidelines: Available at: http://www.gmj-canadianedition.ca/for-author

Publication: December 2019

for Papers
2019: Volume 11, Issue 1

The Global Media Journal — Canadian Edition (http://www.gmj.uottawa.ca/)

“Mediations of Food: Identity, Power, and Contemporary Global Imaginaries”

Guest Editor:

Dr. Tina Sikka, Newcastle University, UK

In the field of transnational media studies, food and food cultures are traditionally examined as a type of media content, environmental/commodity object, or mode of sustenance (with some cultural significance), or, alternatively, as medium through which relations of gender, class, sexuality, and dis/ability are made manifest. Given this bifurcated lens, this issue seeks to bring together articles that examine the nexus between food cultures, identity, and media representation in more detail. Specifically, we seek submissions that use food as a lens through which to study how it’s mediated representation (e.g. television, print, film, the Internet/social media) reflects complicated histories of colonialism, empire, neoliberalism, and inequality, but also cultural resilience, social belonging, community, and political awareness.

Papers that draw into this discussion the complicated relationship between food media and racialisation, gender, class, sexuality, dis/ability, and other manifestations of identity are particularly welcome – especially those that take an intersectional approach and engage with the significance of changing and culturally contingent conceptions of health and bodily comportment. Articles that examine the use of food as a form of power and resistance, in both productive and dangerous ways, and which reveal how larger patterns of oppression and marginalization intersect with the social imagery, political economy, public policy, and cultural survival are also desirable.

Topics for this issue might include (but are not limited to):

  • Digital media representation and food culture
  • Food and intersectional identities
  • Food and the politics of representation
  • Food and post-colonialism
  • Neoliberalism and global food regimes
  • Food, privilege, and mediated cultural capital
  • The cultural economics of food
  • Food and transnational identities
  • Food and social activism
  • Food, power, and bodies
  • Food, power, and discourse
  • Food, capitalist forms of signification, and resistance

The Global Media Journal — Canadian Edition (http://www.gmj.uottawa.ca/) welcomes high-quality, original submissions on related topics to the above theme. Authors are strongly encouraged to contribute to the development of communication and media theories, report empirical and analytical research or present case studies, use critical discourses, and/or set out innovative research methodologies. The Journal is a bilingual (English and French) open-access online academic refereed publication.

Deadline: April 15th, 2019

Submissions: Papers (5,000 to 7,500 words), review articles of more than one book (2,500 to 3,000 words), and book reviews (1,000 to 1,200 words).

Method: All manuscripts must be submitted electronically as Word Document attachments, directly to understanding of communication and media in Canada and around the globe.

Submissions: Papers (5,000 to 7,500 words), review articles of more than one book (2,500 to 3,000 words), and book reviews (1,000 to 1,200 words).

Method: All manuscripts must be submitted electronically as a word document to Dr. Tina Sikka (tina.sikka@newcastle.ac.uk)

Guidelines: Available at: http://www.gmj-canadianedition.ca/for-author

Decision:  April 30th, 2019

Publication: June 30th, 2019

Call for Themes

Global Media Journal — Canadian Edition invites thematic proposals (400-500 words) for future issues.

GMJ — CE welcomes themes that examine the broad boundaries of communication and media studies, including, but not limited to, print media, broadcasting, radio, advertising, public relations, information and communication technologies, emerging media, alternative media, political communication, political economy of communication, journalism, research methodology, rhetoric, cultural studies, media effects, media ethics, communications law and policy, and so on. Given that the themes covered by this journal have implications that transcend national borders, proposed themes need not focus exclusively on Canada.

Topics related to the above specializations are numerous. However, priority for future issues of GMJ — CE is given to themes that encompass the following topics:

  • Communication and Empire
  • Crises and Conflicts
  • Communication and Media Ethics
  • Economics of Communication
  • Foreign Policy, National Security, and Terrorism
  • Human Rights
  • Immigration and Citizenship
  • Innovation, regulation, and control
  • Mobile Technologies and Digital Consumption
  • Multiculturalism
  • Ethnicity and Identity

Theme proposals should be sent electronically as Word Document attachments to Dr. Mahmoud Eid at gmj@uOttawa.ca.